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Nedelja, 05 Septembar 2021 11:10

Impressionism: Bright and joyful painting Istaknut

First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874

Impressionism is an artistic direction that emerged in French painting between 1860 and 1870 as a reaction to realism. It was set in motion with Claude Monet's painting Impression, Sunrise. This painting was first shown alongside over two hundred works by thirty artists, including Edgar Degas, Camille Pissaro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Alfred Sisley at what would become known as the Exhibition of the Impressionists in Paris in April 1874. However, of all of the pieces displayed there, Impression, Sunrise became the most famous due to the criticism it attracted, which gave rise to the name of the Impressionism movement.

Impressionism is considered to be the first revolutionary art movement that echoed the abstract thought that followed years later. There was no one unifying Impressionist style, but the artists associated with Impressionism did share similar modern approaches to painting.

Impressionism creates a new relationship with the world and seeks a new way of visual expression. Impressionist painting is the impression of immediate visual impressions of landscape, thing, or person that appeared to them at a certain moment in time. To emphasize their approach to art, the Impressionists chose landscapes with a river, scenes of regattas and picnic areas, snow, clouds covered with hay, a haystack, water lilies, as the most common motifs, because in their painting they could evoke reflections of sunlight on the water, flickering play of shadows and, in general, show fluid and volatile aspects of reality.

Impressionism brings a new sense of nature. When painting out of doors or en plein air, in nature, many Impressionists tried to capture the changing variations of light. Nature looks like a wonderful but volatile spell "like through providence". As they were outside, they looked at how light and color changed the scenes. They often painted thickly and used quick (and quite messy) brush strokes to capture the overall impression of their subject, choosing not to pay particular attention to the fine details. Thus, in their paintings, they showed different changes in lighting from dawn to sunset, as well as in different seasons. The choice of motives for the Impressionists is not very important. The beauty of the landscape can be magical at certain moments when it is transformed by light. The same motif was often painted by the Impressionists several times under various light influences.

The visual shapes and colors of objects in Impressionist paintings are constantly changing under the influence of light changes. Impressionists abandoned the traditional three-dimensional perspective and rejected the clarity of form. They "light up the palette", and warm and cool tones in paintings. Clean paint stains completely erase the usual shape of the object. The shadows are transparent, painted with cold, and the illuminated surfaces with warm colors. The color is bright and shiny and stains of paint and brush strokes come to the fore.

The most prominent exhibiting Impressionists are Claude Monet, Édouard Manet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Berthe Morisot, Mary Cassatt, Alfred Sisley, Gustave Caillebotte, Armand Guillaumin and Frédéric Bazille.

Pročitano 209 puta Poslednji put izmenjeno Nedelja, 12 Septembar 2021 11:23

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