Ponedeljak, 23 Avgust 2021 10:54

Neuschwanstein Castle, New Swan Stone Castle Istaknut

The German castle Neuschwanstein is located in the southwest of Bavaria near Füssen, not far from the border with Austria. Neuschwanstein means "New Swan Castle" referencing "the Swan Knight" one of the famous German composer Richard Wagner's characters. The castle was built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria, also known as the Fairytale King who was a great admirer and supporter of Wagner. Construction began in 1869 but was never fully completed. It is known as a symbol of idealized romantic architecture, but also because of the tragic story of its owner. It is considered the most beautiful and spectacular castle in the world and was the inspiration for Walt Disney for the castle of the Thorn Rose. Since 1886, Neuschwanstein Castle has been open to the public.

The project of Neuschwanstein Castle united the architectural elements of Wartburg Castle with those attributed to the Castle of the Holy City from the opera Parsifal by Richard Wagner. It was built by architect Eduard Riedel, who led the works until 1872 from idealized sketches made in 1868 by the scene-painter of the Munich Palace Theater Christian Jank, and the construction was continued until 1886 by two other architects. The construction of the castle was stopped with the death of Ludwig II in 1886.

Neuschwanstein Castle was built on a craggy rock 200 meters above the valley and the Alpine lake. It is covered with a high mountain peak and surrounded by dense coniferous forest. Significantly rising above the town of Füssen, the castle divides the mountains. Castle was built mainly in the style of the German Romanesque from the 12th century. The swan is a recurring symbol of the decor, in honor of the legendary German knight Lohengrin, also known as the "Swan Knight" from Richard Wagner's opera. Out of the planned 228 rooms, only 15 were completed. Many rooms in the castle's interior were inspired by Wagner's characters. The paintings inside predominantly depict scenes from Wagner's operas such as Tannhäuser and Lohengrin.

From the entrance, Neuschwanstein Castle begins to fork into several small rooms and corridors. Especially luxurious is the royal apartment in the Gothic style with handmade, carved beds and paintings illustrating the legend of Tristan and Isolde, which was the motif of Richard Wagner's opera of the same name. The massive bed with a decorative canopy was made by 14 masters over four years.

In the room with the throne is the famous glass chair with jewels. The entire royal guest room, or the swan's corner, is completely dedicated to the myth of the German legendary knight of Lohengrin shown on the tapestries. The central place in the room is occupied by a statue of a swan, and the whole room is decorated with swan motifs: furniture, curtains. The chandeliers are made of bohemian glass, and the wrought iron door handles are in the shape of a swan.

The largest space in the castle is occupied by the Singer's Hall, which was performed according to the original in Wartburg for performances by writers, singers, composers, but also as a place where Wagner himself would compose and perform his works. There are decorative motifs on the raised ceiling with panels decorated with inlays. The walls of the hall are additionally decorated with motifs from Wagner's operas Lohengrin and Parsifal. According to some sources, it was a hall that encouraged Wagner to compose the opera Tannhäuser.

The Throne Hall was modeled on Byzantine domed architecture and the Court Church of All-Saints in the Munich Residence and symbolizes Ludwig II's idea of a monarchy by God's grace. It was originally conceived as the Grail Hall from Wagner's opera Parsifal but was modeled on the Hagia Sophia. There are extremely decorative mosaics on the apse and a circular depiction of animals on the floor, and it is surrounded by ornate Byzantine arcades.

Between the guest room and the study room is a "small cave", decorated with an artificial waterfall and a changing playing of light. In addition, there is a library, service room, and dining room, the entrance hall of the royal suite, chapel, dressing room, kitchen, balcony.

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