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The Italian neoclassical sculptor Antonio Canova was known as the creator of marble sculptures, which were delicately sculpted into naked people. One of his most famous sculptures is Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss, also known as Psyche and Cupid, which he sculpted between 1787 and 1793. In this sculpture, Canova portrayed the loving embrace of two major characters from Greek mythology: Love, or Cupid in Latin, and the soul, Psyche. He captures two sides of love; its incredible strength and its fragility and tenderness. The original Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss sculpture is currently on display at the Louvre in Paris.

The series of works by the Romanian sculptor Constantin Brâncuși, entitled The Kiss, is one of the most famous depictions of love in the history of art. There were several versions of The Kiss that Brâncuși sculpted, each of them simplifying the concept of sparse objects and geometry in his forms further. The original sculpture is in Muzeul de Arta in Romania. This early plaster sculpture is one of six casts that Brâncuși made of the 1907–08 The Kiss. The sculpture The Kiss, which can be seen at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, marked a great departure from the emotional realism of the famous sculpture.

Both Auguste Rodin and Constantin Brâncuși has their own The Kiss sculpture. Both sculptures by these two famous sculptors, working in the same city, are of the same subject and both are carved directly into the stone. Also, their sculptures are the same by name but different by meaning. There's hardly a way to compare the two sculptures otherwise; they look like they hail from different worlds entirely. Rodin's sculpture is more academic and conventional while Brâncuși's sculpture is more primal and addresses a basic emotion in the heart and soul of humanity in a more direct manner.

Četvrtak, 02 Decembar 2021 12:30

Auguste Rodin's inspiration for The Kiss

Trained in the traditions of eighteenth-century art, captivated by the works of Renaissance artist Michelangelo and fascinated by the works of classical Greece, Auguste Rodin broke the rules and the mold in many of his sculptures. Rodin's main inspiration for The Kiss comes from a literary source, and its classical composition was taken from classic sculptures of his time. He captures a tangible feeling of the psychology of love in the way the bodies of Paolo and Francesca for The Gates of Hell meld into one another, portraying the essence of complete passion.

The famous marble sculpture The Kiss from 1882 by the French sculptor Auguste Rodin represents a sensuality that shocked contemporaries. The embracing couple depicted in the sculpture was originally part of a group of reliefs adorning Rodin's monumental bronze portal known as The Gates of Hell, commissioned for the planned Art Museum in Paris. This couple was later removed because it depicted a positive state contradicting the overall tone of the Inferno gates. Rodin transformed the group into an independent work which the public called The Kiss and exhibited it with his Monument to Balzac in 1898. Today, the sculpture The Kiss is in the Rodin Museum in Paris, and it is still one of the most famous and most adored sculptures in the world.

Ponedeljak, 23 Avgust 2021 10:54

Neuschwanstein Castle, New Swan Stone Castle

The German castle Neuschwanstein is located in the southwest of Bavaria near Füssen, not far from the border with Austria. Neuschwanstein means "New Swan Castle" referencing "the Swan Knight" one of the famous German composer Richard Wagner's characters. The castle was built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria, also known as the Fairytale King who was a great admirer and supporter of Wagner. Construction began in 1869 but was never fully completed. It is known as a symbol of idealized romantic architecture, but also because of the tragic story of its owner. It is considered the most beautiful and spectacular castle in the world and was the inspiration for Walt Disney for the castle of the Thorn Rose. Since 1886, Neuschwanstein Castle has been open to the public.

The Athenian sculptor Phidias already had a great reputation when in 437 BC he and his colleagues Colotes and Panaenus settled in ancient Olympia, on the west coast of today's Greece, about 150 kilometers west of Athens in the temple dedicated to Zeus to make the statue of the supreme god of the Greeks, Zeus, in whose honor the Olympic Games were celebrated. The dates of work in Athens, for the realization of the statue ordered by Greek statesman Pericles: 447 to 438, or 9 years. The statue, which stood in the Temple of Zeus, is now lost, but is shown on countless coins and gems, and was described by the Greek traveler and geographer Pausanias.

Ponedeljak, 14 Juni 2021 10:33

Pinax of Persephone and Hades from Locri

The city of Locri was one of the cities of Magna Graecia. Due to the local peoples' characteristics, Plato called it the "flower of Italy". A major sanctuary dedicated to the goddess Persephone, who was worshiped as the protector of the fertility of marriage. It contained a treasure trove of what are known as pinakes or terracotta tablets with bas-relief illustrations that represent the cult's myth and rituals. One in a series of pinakes from this sanctuary is the pinax of Persephone and Hades, from around 460 BC, which is today located in the National Museum of Magna Graecia, Reggio Calabria.

Doryphoros or Spear-Bearer of Polykleitos is one of the best-known Greek statues of classical antiquity. Polykleitos made a statue according to the tenets of his treatise, and called it, like the work, the Canon, translated as measure or rule. The lost bronze original of the statue would have been cast circa 440 BCE, but it is today known only from later (mainly Roman period) marble copies. A well-preserved Roman period copy of the Doryphoros is in the Naples National Archaeological Museum.

Discobolus, the motif of a discus thrower, an ancient Greek athlete, is often present in ancient Greek and Roman fine arts. It was depicted on vases, money, reliefs, and statues. The most famous is the statue of the Greek sculptor Myron from the middle of the 5th century BC the Discobolus or Discus Thrower, originally sculpted in bronze. The statue has gained fame largely through its many bronzes and marble copies made by the Romans. Its famous copy, made in marble, exactly according to the original, by Roman sculptors, is today in the National Museum in Rome.

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